Climate change is the gradual increase in the Earth’s overall temperature caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes.
The effects of climate change are far-reaching and include rising sea levels, increased frequency and severity of natural disasters like hurricanes and wildfires, and changes to weather patterns that impact agriculture and ecosystems.
While some people may dismiss climate change as a hoax or natural phenomenon, the overwhelming majority of scientific research agrees that it is primarily caused by human activity. To mitigate the worst effects of climate change, individuals can reduce their carbon footprint by conserving energy, reducing waste, and supporting policies that prioritize renewable energy sources.
Examples of climate change
Rise in temperature
Because greenhouse gases are trapping more heat in the atmosphere, temperatures are rising globally.
Droughts are spreading and getting worse all over the world. Tropical hurricanes are becoming more powerful as ocean temperatures increase.
Glaciers are melting
In mountain ranges and polar regions, there is less snowpack as temperatures rise, and the snow melts more quickly. In general, glaciers are melting more quickly.
There is a lot of uncertainty surrounding flood quantile estimates (the value of discharge corresponding to the 100-year flood), especially if there isn’t a long record of observed data at a stream location, as climate variability (dry cycles to wet cycles) and land-use change play a significant role. Study more: The Hundred Year Flood The 100-Year Flood: Chance Plays No Role
According to scientists’ projections of the long-term effects of climate change, there will be less sea ice and more permafrost thawing, more heat waves and higher precipitation, and reduced water resources in semi-arid regions.